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tv   American History TV  CSPAN  April 2, 2016 3:45pm-4:01pm EDT

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works with his arms and hands. the big question, why? thehis film promoted from 1942 until 1964. sunday morning at 10:00 eastern -- aggressive,ts are they have bitten off more than they should be allowed to digest and i think the best answer to it is for them to know the united states will keep its commitment. >> where people want to be free from soviet or cuban domination, the united states should be willing to provide weapons to
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any men who want to fight for their freedom against those hostile forces. debate1980 texas primary between george h.w. bush and ronald reagan at 6:00 on american artifacts. building is very neoclassical. some people have compared it to a large ice cube tray. us insidechie takes the newest of the three senate office buildings. the 1983 heart senate office building. 8:00, portrait gallery senior historian david ward
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chronicles abraham lincoln's life through portraits. you notice the sense in which lincoln's presence to the public in his suffering. >> go to >> american history tv is featuring long beach, california. the staff recently visited many sites showcasing the city's history. you can learn more about long beach all weekend on american history tv. >> rancho los alamitos is one of
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the rare sites that has a continuous history lasting more than 1500 years. if you follow that chain of occupancy, you are looking at the development of southern california. the site is important because it is where god descended from heaven, gave the loss to the people. it is considered -- laws to the people and is considered sacred. many of the people who received land under spanish rule were former soldiers who had been in the expeditions exploring southern california.
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when he died, the land was split among his children and it was -- inton two ranches ranches. that is all that is left. >> we are standing in that rancho los alamitos adobe ranch house. is, thewhere the adobe wall surrounding us right now are adobe walls. , he built this adobe, it is sort of an outpost of his huge acreage. it was not owner-occupied at the
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time. it was a 40 foot by 60 foot horses wheno house they were out here on this remote part of the holdings. over the years, the adobe was added to. there have been many owners, from the first spanish grantee --later's during the mexican two owners during the mexican period. the original adobe is completely encased in additions and there are additions in this direction where the bedrooms are in the main part of this bedroom is in the adobe, but the little sunroom was in addition from about 1909. over here, we have the library,
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also inside part of the original adobe. rather an agreement -- organic structure that grew to suit the families and cultures living inside it. right now, we are in the music room of the ranch house. this is a room outside of the adobe core. it was added to the house by john and susan bixby. bixby were the here.bixby's to ranch the bixby family is a large family, originally from new england, from maine, and they came out here right after the gold rush with cousins and they started out selling things to
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the miners. they had a butcher shop. they started buying up some of the land that was here in california after california became part of the united states started in central california, but ended up down here in southern california and at first, they purchased a ranch here in long beach, which was one of the original holdings. he lived there with his wife and he invited other bixby relatives to help him on the ranch as well as some of his wives relatives. one of the guys who came out was john bixby. he was a young man from maine,
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he had been a schoolteacher, carpenter, cabinet maker, quite young when he arrived in california. when he was on the ranch, he was learning how to become a rancher. sister-in-law, susan hathaway, and he married her. the adjoining rancho became available-for-sale, john and susan purchased it. they began leasing the ranch in 1878 and purchased it with their partners in 1881. john and susan bixby had two children, a son and a daughter. after inheriting the ranch from fred parents, susanna and tried operating the ranch together.
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did not work out so well so they divided the property between them and fred bixby inherited the ranch house in the central part of rancho los alamitos and he continued to ranch here. he did not continue any sheep operation. acquired other ranches throughout california and arizona and mostly was engaged in cattle ranching. he also had a soft spot for -- us, -- for versus horses. he kept his stallions at this ranch and he kept the mayors of the coast -- mares at the coast. he had quite a horse breeding operation going on. we have two shire horses on the
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ranch today. only 75 acres left. at the time he passed away, he had the largest shire horse breeding operation left -- west of the mississippi. there were not any buyers of the versus after he died -- horses after he died. the last bixby to live here at the ranch was fred bixby's wife and she passed away in 1961. their children, they had four children, got together and talked about it and they decided that they should become an historic site available to all of the people of california. even susan bixby had the sense
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of the history of this place and even when she was making repairs and additions, it was with the history of the place in mind. even 100 years before it was given to the city of long beach, there was a sense of the history of the place. the final donation was made in 1968 and the family donated 7.5 acres to the city and all the buildings, the contents of those buildings, 95% of the furnishings that you see inside the ranch house our original to the family. this is the way they lived and this is the way it looked while they were here. some of the barnes were just a little bit outside the limits of the seventh and five acres. except for the first barn, all of the barnes were moved in just
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a little bit closer. we completed a restoration in 2014 to align the barns -- in agridlike pattern more gridlike pattern. the bixby's did make a lot of changes to the grounds. they had gardens here, but back then, you have to hand water everything. you are careful about what you chose to grow here and how much labor it was going to take. you also had animals here. john and susan bixby put in the first extensive gardens and the gardens just off of this room,
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called the old garden, were installed by john and susan bixby. when fred and florence took over, florence began slowly expanding the gardens. one of the things that happened here in long beach in the early 1920's, was the discovery of oil. because the bixby's were very large landowners, a lot of the oil was under their land. more incomeem a lot to play with than just the ranch would provide. florence bixby was able to hire some of the premier landscape architects, including the .lmsted brothers we have four acres of beautiful
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landscaped gardens. , youere are many levels get some relief from being in a requirement -- environment. you can come and just be in the gardens and not do anything beyond that. you can decide just to take a house to her bank -- tour. we tried to keep it as unstructured and interesting as we can so people can take what they want. >> our staff recently traveled to long beach, california, to learn about its rich history. learn more about long beach and other stops at
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karen abbott >> next, author talks about her book, liar, temptress, soldier, spy . this event was taped in 2014 at malaprop's bookstore. it is about one hour. thrilled to be here with abbott. i love her book. i love all her books. you show us this entire other view of chicago through the e


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